Women at work2
(20-64) is equal to
Level of education
Of the graduates in Italy are women.
(Graduation mark / mean 101.1)
(Age of graduation/ mean 26.5)
Academic path and job opportunities.
Women generally choose academic path that creates less job opportunities.
Graduated women / Total graduations
Women in different sector5
Women working in the pharmaceutical sector represent 44% of the total employement rate of that sector.
Women working in the banking sector represent more than 44.6% of the total employement rate of that sector.
Women working in the engineering industry represent more than 21% of the total employement rate of that sector.
Key positions in the companies6
Key positions. At each step of their carreer, women face career setbacks.
|CdA Members||Italy 76% Europe 80%||Italy 24% Europe 20%|
|President||Italy 95% Europe 93%||Italy 5% Europe 7%|
|Directors||Italy 71% Europe 79%||Italy 29% Europe 21%|
|Senior Directors||Italy 92% Europe 87%||Italy 8% Europe 13%|
|CEO||Italy 100% Europe 97%||Italy 0% Europe 3%|
|Population of Serbia: 7.076.372 citizens out of which
|56%||of University students are women.|
|58%||of graduated students are women.|
Serbia is facing moderate gender gap in science. It’s promising that 54% of natural science researchers are women but only 37% pursued engineering and technology1.
|natural science researchers||pursued engineering and technology|
|4 out of 5 girls living in the country will be deprived of their property in favor of male relatives.2|
Gender pay gap:
Women, in almost all sectors in Serbia, are paid less than men for the same work. The biggest difference is in the financial sector and insurance activities where the salary of women, for the same position, is 91.144 dinars (740 eur), while the salary of men is 120,518 dinars (977 eur).
|120,518 dinars||91,144 dinars|
90% of all the SANU (Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts) members are men, which do not correspond with 57% of female holders of PhD degrees.
Work sectors and positions
1 in 4 women in Serbia are unemployed3.
Majority of women in Serbia are employed in trade and service, which are traditionally seen as female sectors.
of women have a position of a trustee or manager of holdings.
5% of mayors and 29% of the councilors in the municipal and city assemblies are women.
Serbian Parliament is ranked 30th on Women in Parliaments classification of Inter-parliamentary Union4 with 34% of female MPs. Serbia has gender quota system in place by law.
Women in different sectors1
of women represented in STEM subjects.
|LAW and related||68%||32%|
|Health and related||77%||23%|
|23%||of NEETs in Spain, well above OCDE and EU averages.|
NEET: Young people aged 16-24 Not in Education, Employment or Training
of women with Post Graduate education.
of women with Secondary education level.
of women with First education level.
of women Chairing or present at BoD Ibex 35 companies.
of women in top management positions at Ibex 35 companies level.
Total: 18,006,000 citizens
Only 10% women have
a University degree.
Just 1% women have
Women at work
|44% women work (11% below the average in the region) Only 17% women occupy senior and managerial positions.|
Women’s salary is 42.6% below men’s doing the same job.
Women in Politics4
Women make up just 15.8%
of members in the Parliament and Senate.
women think that their appearance is important to be successful at the work place.
65% girls aged 13-15 years old are not satisfied with their appearances and up to 35% admit to have stopped playing sports because of their looks.
71% girls aged 10-17 years old point out at their mums as their main role model.
Only 5% think of actors or singers as role models.
85% Chilean girls between 13 and 15 years old are optimistics about their future, far above the world average (68%).
Women in education
While 95% of girls are literate,
Only 60% make up to University.
Women at the work place
Labor force / female: 43%
The unemployment rate is double in black women (12.5%) compared to white men (5%)
Women earn 30% less than men.
Women in management roles: 34%
Women in high executive roles (board of directors): 14%
Women in boardroom: 11%
Women in politics
Only 10% of Parliment representatives are women female holders of PhD degrees.
Still just 10% of women make up of local political roles despite quotas indicating a minimum of 30%.
|Almost6%||of girls are subject to child labour|
|35.6%||of girls are married by 18 and 10.5% by 15 years old|
|19.2%||of teenage girls are mothers.|
Local partner: Fondazione Valore D
Chair Inspiring Girls Italy: Claudia Parzani, Board member Valore D and Western Europe Regional managing partner of Linklaters.
If you want to register as a volunteer in Italy, please contact: firstname.lastname@example.org
Chair Inspiring Girls Spain: Marta Perez Dorao, Co-Founder Women in Business Spain.
Local partner: Center for Research, Transparency and Accountability (CRTA)
Chair Inspiring Girls Serbia: Vukosava Crnjanski, Director CRTA.
Chair Inspiring Girls Chile: Macarena Salosny Lagos, an expert in international coaching and management, passionate in gender and education issues.